“Emperor Disease” may claim your life anytime!

“Emperor Disease” may claim your life anytime!

In the ancient times, westerners regarded gout as an ordeal similar to “the devil is biting my feet”. And throughout history, many renowned emperors had suffered from gout, hence the “Emperor Disease” or “Noble Disease” nickname.

Improved living standards bring along increased risks of falling ill! The menacing “Emperor Disease” is invading the world on a rising trend. According to statistics published by the Right Diagnosis from Healthgrades website, about 909,000 out of 30.3 million Malaysians suffered from hyperuricemia (excess of uric acid in the blood) in 2015. What is getting alarming is that if this group of people is ignorant about the lurking danger of hyperuricemia, they would become a likely target for the stealthily yet deadly killer – gout!

1 in 363 suffers from Gout

(Source: NIAMS)

Increase to 17,700,000 people

(2021 Prediction)

Based on statistics surveyed, the number of gout sufferers has been on the rise between 15-30 times for the past 15 years. In the United Kingdom alone, the number of gout sufferers in 2012 soared by 60% in comparison with the statistics for 1997.

In the United States, 1 in every 363 people suffers from gout.

According to statistics released by the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS), 275 in every 100,000 people suffer from gout. It is estimated that by year 2021, there would be some 17.7 million people suffer from gout. The alarming figure truly warrants the call for increased health awareness!

In Hong Kong, about 213,000 out of its dense population of 7.1 million suffer from gout. Apparently, the global invasion of gout is creeping up stealthily and deadly at the same time. The lurking danger must not be overlooked!

Population: 7,100,000

(Hong Kong)

Gout: 213,000 people

(Hong Kong)

In the past, gout was relatively rare in Asia among Asians. But, since the turn of the 20th century after the 1990s, many nations like Japan, Taiwan, China and even Malaysia were going through rapid economic development that resulted in significantly improved living standards closely associated with the excessive-meat-consumption-induced hyperuricemia. Given the absence of symptoms in hyperuricemia, a misdiagnosis is usually the case. When gout-induced attacks on the joints surface a few years later, the organ damage has been done.

The "culprits" behind gout attacks

“You are what you eat!” – a saying that rings true with gout sufferers. One of the main culprits is excessive eating and drinking. Excessive consumption of foods high in purines such as seafood, meat, alcohol and beans bears bad consequences. This is simply because the excessive presence of purines will significantly increase the density of uric acid in the body. Making it worse, the lack of exercise hampers the discharge of the excessive uric acid build-up and over time, uric acid crystal deposits are formed, which triggers gout attacks. About 20%-30% of the uric acid in the body is ingested from the food we eat while the remaining 80% of it is produced by the waste of our body. Therefore, unrestrained eating or drinking (binge eating or drinking) is one of the most devastating habits that stimulates and accelerates the harmful accumulation of uric acid.

Gout and the "3 Highs" are closely related

You may not be aware that gout and obesity, hypertension (high blood pressure), hyperlipidemia (high cholesterol), coronary heart disease and diabetes are all closely related. For instance, patients with hypertension often use diuretics to control their blood pressure levels, but this will lead to extracellular fluid loss, which in turn increases the re-absorption of urates by kidney tubules. Chronic hypertension triggers atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries), which will result in renal function deterioration (kidney failure) and the decrease of uric acid excretion. This simply translates into the increase of uric acid density, hence leading to gout attacks.

For overweight people, the major culprit is overeating, which leads to the accumulation of excess subcutaneous, abdominal and visceral fat. When the body is tired or hungry, it burns the stored fat to release energy (calories) to support body movement. The irony is that ketones are produced when the body burns fat for energy, which hinders the excretion of uric acid. Instead, this will increase the hyperuricemia levels that triggers gout attacks.

More alarmingly, Malaysia tops the list as the most overweight nation in Southeast Asia, with approximately 12 out of 30 million Malaysians (about 40%) being overweight. And out of this, 5.1 million of them (about 17%-18%) are obese. This obviously makes Malaysia the fattest country in Southeast Asia.


More alarmingly, Malaysia tops the list as the most overweight nation in Southeast Asia, with approximately 12 out of 30 million Malaysians (about 40%) being overweight. And out of this, 5.1 million of them (about 17%-18%) are obese. This obviously makes Malaysia the fattest country in Southeast Asia.

Now, what can we derive from these ever increasing year-by-year figures? And given the fact that those diseases or risk factors such as diabetes, obesity and high blood pressure trigger gout attacks easily, does this mean the number of gout sufferers is significantly on the rise as well?

The Excruciating Pain

Gout is the kind of arthritis that strikes with the most severe or intense pain. It usually flares up for the first time on the big toe joint, driven by the sharp uric acid crystals deposited there. A gout attack comes in the form of a sharp, stabbing or tingling pain, with redness, fever and swelling symptoms. Acute gout attacks often occur at night when the immune system is going through the detoxification process. The gout pain keeps you awake and sleeplessness makes pain worse.

In addition to the big toes, gout may also attack the insteps, ankles, heels, knees, wrists, fingers, elbows, etc. If left untreated, acute gout attacks would recur repeatedly. More than 60% of the gout sufferers would experience a second attack within a year.


Chances of gout recurrence

More common in men than in women?

Gout patients are mostly men over the age of 30, but due to the bad dieting and sleep habits of the modern people, gout victims are getting younger apparently. Clinical treatment has even involved patients as young as 20 years old, which is a very worrying health risk.

Although both the incidence and prevalence of gout are significantly higher among men than women, the latter also risk developing gout especially after menopause. Therefore, regardless of gender, the probability of developing gout increases along with the rise of the uric acid density.

Hyperuricemia is a health killer!

Gout brings along tremendous suffering that adversely affects our life. In severe or worst cases, it’s likely to result in death. Therefore, gout symptoms must not be ignored. For the sake of your health, please practise healthy eating habits while cutting down on alcohol, and drink plenty of water and exercise regularly. If you are diagnosed with hyperuricemia, gout is already creeping up on you stealthily! Gout may be coined the “Emperor Disease”, it can only connote worsening scenarios. It’s hyperuricemia that you must avoid in the first place.

Health Tips

  • The main culprit behind hyperuricemia is the presence of high blood uric acid levels.
  • For adult male, uric acid levels exceeding 7.0 mg/ dL (milligrams per decilitre) means hyperuricemia.
  • For adult female (before menopause), the normal uric acid levels are below 6.0 mg/ dL.
Gout and uric acid blood analysis
Serum Uric Acid (SUA) levels (mg/ dL) Probability of first gout incident Probability of gout recurrence
< 6 0.5 0.8
6 -6.9 0.6 0.9
7 - 7.9 2.0 4.1
8 - 8.9 4.1 8.4
9 - 9.9 9.8 43.2
> 10 30.5 70.2

Doctor's advice

Reducing uric acid is key to gout treatment

  • Embrace a healthy diet and avoid organ meats.
  • Drink plenty of water every day.
  • Limit alcohol and fat intake.
  • Maintain a healthy weight.

Self Test

Do you belong to the high-risk group of hyperuricemia?


Let us know if you have any questions

Producing Malaysia’s Top Security & Forensic Specialists

Producing Malaysia’s Top Security & Forensic Specialists

Producing Malaysia’s Top Security & Forensic Specialists

Two student teams from Asia Pacific University of Technology & Innovation (APU) were crowned champions of the ‘Forensic Challenge’ and ‘Hack and Defense’ competitions at the recently concluded i-Hack 2016, which took place at Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) from 23rd April to 24th April 2016. The i-Hack 2016 attracted participation from students, practitioners, academicians and security experts from higher education learning institutions, related government bodies, security commissioners and IT professionals in security industry.


The event was also endorsed by the Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission (MCMC), F-Secure, Haibro, ITECH Specialist Solutions, Accrete Technologies and Quann Security. The Forensic Challenge was a 10-hour competition that tested participants’ forensic computing skills through investigations, procedures and final presentation of a forensic report. Meanwhile, the Hack and Defense challenge was a 8-hour score-based challenge in the ‘Capture the Flag’ format, in which participants competed to attain as many ‘flags’ and ‘coins’ as they can, through solving questions related to cyber security and forensics.


The event was also endorsed by the Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission (MCMC), F-Secure, Haibro, ITECH Specialist Solutions, Accrete Technologies and Quann Security. The Forensic Challenge was a 10-hour competition that tested participants’ forensic computing skills through investigations, procedures and final presentation of a forensic report. Meanwhile, the Hack and Defense challenge was a 8-hour score-based challenge in the ‘Capture the Flag’ format, in which participants competed to attain as many ‘flags’ and ‘coins’ as they can, through solving questions related to cyber security and forensics.

APU’s Team ‘Sherlock’, comprising Khor Chia Ler, Chan Xin Wei and Soo Jia Cheng, mentored by Sulaiman Harun, attained the championship of the Forensic Challenge whereas team ‘SHA1337’, comprising Nicholas Ian Nonis, Choong Chih Xien and Alexander Sukhamera, mentored by Yusnita Yusof, was crowned champions of the Hack and Defense competition. Both APU teams walked away with a cash prize of RM7,000. On the other hand, APU’s team ‘Nachos’, comprising Mohamed Siddiq Rahmat, Toong Chee Sheng and Syahmi bin Suleiman, mentored by Nor Azlina Abdul Rahman, also bagged the 2nd Runner Up of the Hack and Defense competition and walked away with a cash prize of RM1,000.


Programmes related to Forensic & Security

The teams of students who participated in the competition are students from APU’s School of Computing and Technology (SCT). With a proud track record and history of producing highly competent graduates in Computing going back to its origins as APIIT, APU’s School of Computing & Technology today offers pre-university, undergraduate and postgraduate programmes in Computing, IT, Software Engineering, Computer Science as well as inhighly specialised areas such as Cyber Security, Forensic Computing, Database Administration, Software Engineering, Computer Science, Big Data, Mobile Technology and more.

APU and APIIT offers the following undergraduate and postgraduate programmes related to Forensic & Security:

Visit us for full listing of programmes

About Asia Pacific University of Technology & Innovation (APU)

The Asia Pacific University of Technology & Innovation (APU) is amongst Malaysia’s Premier Private Universities, and is where a unique fusion of technology, innovation and creativity works effectively towards preparing professional graduates for significant roles in business and society globally. APU has earned an enviable reputation as an award-winning University through its achievements in winning a host of prestigious awards at national and international levels.

Originally established as the Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology (APIIT) in 1993, APU’s sound approach to nurturing school leavers into qualified professionals has resulted in our graduates being highly sought after by employers. With an international student community of more than 11,000 students from more than 110 countries studying in its Malaysian campus, APU offers a truly cosmopolitan learning environment which prepares students well for the global challenges which lie ahead. APU

APU was announced as among the Highest Rated Universities in Malaysia, being rated at TIER 5 (EXCELLENT) under the SETARA 2011 Ratings by the Ministry of Education (MOE) and Malaysian Qualifications Agency (MQA), and has maintained this Excellent rating in the latest SETARA 2013 Ratings announced on 17th November 2014.

Bringing life back to Corporate Presentations

Bringing life back to Corporate Presentations

20 minutes, that’s the maximum attention span of the average adult

Does your presentation have what it takes to keep your audience firmly engaged?

It is a refutable fact that our modern digital lifestyles have reduced our ability to remain focused on a single task, particularly in non-digital environments. A Microsoft study released last year puts the average human transient attention span at a mere eight second, lower than that of the goldfish at nine! Thankfully, our sustained attention, also known as focused attention, lasts much longer – up to 20 minutes on average – and by repeatedly refocusing on the same thing, we get stuff done.

Nonetheless, surrounded by constant bombardment of information, we no longer respond well to a passive delivery system. If you have a meeting, briefing or presentation in a traditional classroom-like setting where a presenter stands in front and talks while the rest mostly listen, people will inevitably zone out and do their own things, like doodling or frequently checking and playing with their phone, anything except focus on the presentation. You will be hard pressed to command even the first 20 minutes of attention. Interactivity is now more crucial than ever to keep everyone’s attention and involvement. And Epson has just the perfect tool for that – interactive projectors

Interactivity is Key


Admittedly, there is no substitution for effective presentation skills in engaging the audience. That aside, the right tools can breathe life into an otherwise another run-of-the-mill corporate presentation.

The projector has become indispensible in corporate presentations as a tool to share key ideas, charts, pictures and even movie clips. But not all projectors are created equal. Some projectors are little more than noisy heat-generating contraption that requires the dimming of the room lights to view the less-than-sharp projection. On the other end of the evolution are projectors that allow the users to actively participate with the projected image and disseminate the content immediately via a printout or email.




Developed by the leader in interactive projectors and the world’s top projector maker for 15 years in a row, Epson interactive projectors create a participatory environment, making presentations more engaging and productive. The key feature is the transformation of the projected image into a huge drawing board on which participants can freely annotate with the interactive pen.

This pen works like a stylus pen, and does everything a regular marker pen could on a whiteboard – write and draw in multiple colours – and then some.


The projector can also be operated simply by touching the screen with a fingertip – including opening and closing files, scrolling through pages, pinching in/out and rotating images, and adding notes.

Think future-generation iPad with advanced Samsung Note stylus features on a humongous screen. Nifty!

Learn more about Epson’s interactive projectors

Keep the ideas flowing!

In the PC-free interactive mode, two people can write simultaneously on the projection, with two pens operating at the same time for greater interactivity. The projector can support the simultaneous input of up to six fingers and two pens, bringing brainstorming sessions to another level.

Just imagine the flurry of ideas being quickly shared and animatedly discussed, on screen!

The benefit of this revolutionary approach is that it helps to break down the wall between presenter and audience. When multiple participants are given free rein to write simultaneously, the presentation becomes a stimulating, collaborative and productive experience, increasing engagement and delivering improved business outcomes.

One projector to connect them all

As a further nod to the value of group collaboration, Epson’s latest interactive projectors can wirelessly connect up to 50 devices like laptops, smartphones and tablets over a network, with a terminal serving as a moderator host PC. The group moderator can display content from up to four devices simultaneously onto the big screen to link participants together for side by side evaluation of presentations, making group discussions even more broad-based and insightful.

And sharing is a breeze. Participants can access the content through a URL link from their PC or smart devices. The whiteboard mode allows output of the meeting results to a maximum of 50 pages in your preferred format, eliminating worries about lack of space. Participants also no longer need to waste time comparing notes. Missing or misinformation is a thing of the past.

Small room or no room? No problem

Thanks to their short-throw projection, these projectors are able to share bright and large images even in small meeting rooms. Essentially, they can transform any flat surface such as walls, whiteboards and even tables into digital whiteboards and interactive spaces, without additional software – you no longer need to hunt down a sufficiently-sized meeting room for an impromptu session.

Projector set-up is simply plug-and-play, with a one-time auto calibration and auto resolution adjustment. And no messy wires connections.

What more, with the short-throw projection, light from these interactive projectors is less distracting as it barely touches the presenter, ensuring a more comfortable experience compared to conventional models. Shadow interference is also greatly reduced, making presentations a more pleasant experience for all participants.

Epson is committed to sustainability, and eco-friendly features are built in to its interactive projector range. The choice of materials – lead-free lenses, unpainted plastic housings, and chlorine/bromine-free flame retardants – is designed to minimise environmental impact.

The projectors use just up to 0.44W of power in standby mode. Its eco-friendly Light Optimiser function features a luminance sensor that detects the brightness level of the environment and adjusts the projector’s brightness automatically, resulting in power and cost savings. This function can be turned on/off according to your preference. With a long lamp life of 10,000 hours in eco-mode, the frequency of costly lamp replacements is also reduced.

Learn more about Epson’s interactive projectors

Earning their Stripes

Earning their Stripes

Earning their Stripes

Nilai U Professional Development Club organises conservation campaign.

“Nilai University’s holistic approach to higher education includes providing students with opportunities to learn valuable lessons beyond the text books,” explained Eddy Bala,

advisor to the Professional Development Club. He was speaking at the launch of the Save the Tigers Campaign which was organised by students from the Professional Development Club, in collaboration with the World Wildlife Fund-Malaysia (WWF-Malaysia).

At the gala launch, the audience was treated to performances which included traditional dances from international students, solo vocal performances and a traditional drum troupe show. Also present were Dr Megat Sany Megat Ahmad Supian (Under Secretary, Biodiversity and Forestry Division, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment) and Suan Tan (Senior Manager, Activation, WWF-Malaysia).

Pre-schoolers from neighbouring kindergartens participated in a series of fun-filled events. The students took part in a colouring contest, a treasure hunt and quizzes; all of which were aimed at raising awareness of the plight of the Malaysian tiger.

The students also organised fund raising activities, with monies being channelled to the conservation of habitats for the tigers.

“By organising this campaign in collaboration with the WWF-Malaysia, Nilai U students have proven they are more than capable of facing global challenges in their future careers. Their willingness to go the extra mile demonstrates positive change in their personal development,” commented Dr Megat.

He also sprang an unexpected surprise to the students by inviting yhem to visit the Ministry’s Wildlife Conservation Centre in Sungkai, Perak.

Dr Megat’s sentiments were also echoed by Suan Tan who said,

“WWF-Malaysia is especially heartened to see today’s youths, who will be tomorrow’s leaders, taking action to help protect our wildlife and natural resources, thereby helping build a better, greener future for us all and generations to come. We commend Nilai U for supporting WWF-Malaysia’s conservation efforts and hope that other educational institutions will follow your example.”

The Professional Development Club is but one of the many initiatives on campus that allow students to fulfil their full potential. Students get opportunities for personal and professional growth through university modules such as Dale Carnegie’s Skills for Success and Chapter One’s Personal Branding. These modukes are designed to help students mature into young adults who will be a boon to their respective communities.

“Nilai U’s motto is ‘Enrichment for Life’, and that means we teach our students, not just to be model pupils but also model citizens,” states Eddy Bala.

“This campaign was a great success as it has taught our students valuable lessons in the importance of biodiversity. At the same time it has helped them grow personally and professionally.”

Nilai U offers unique opportunities to for students to develop the relevant soft skills, which will boost their employability. For more information, please visit www.nilai.edu.my or call 06-8502308.

Visit our website to find out more

7 Habits to A Healthy Brain

7 Habits to A Healthy Brain

Endless processing on information using brain juice will cause mental fatigue…

Current hectic lifestyle requires a lot of thinking. Endless processing on information using brain juice will cause mental fatigue. Here are the 7 simple ways to conquer mental fatigue

1. Feed your brain with sufficient nutritions.

The brain weighs about 2% of total body weight, but it needs over 20% of oxygen and nutrition intake. Always remember to supply sufficient nutrients to optimize brain processes. When the brain is in the process of thinking, it requires more oxygen flow. Studies showed BRAND’S Essence of Chicken helps to improve memory and concentration by improving blood circulation and oxygen flow to brain and body. Besides that, it helps to relieve stress. A bottle of BRAND’S Essence of Chicken contains nutritional requirements for our brain and body work well.

2. Change your daily mindset.

Be creative and innovative, the brain requires change to evolve. Explore new experiences like travelling to new places, taste different cuisines, create an artistic masterpiece, use a different route to work or simply stroll in the park. These short bursts of discoveries will help to refresh our mind.

3. Buffer some time for games

Stay young at heart, and play games. Pick up video games, board games, puzzles, or sports and play with family or friends, and keep it fun. Regardless of the games you play, it helps to sharpen your mind, and more importantly a great environment to relax.

4. Exercise regularly and stay fit

Studies showed that people who have adequate exercise will have a healthier mind. Choose an enjoyable exercise to do it with your love ones in order to avoid boredom. This helps to enhance your thoughts, and gives a satisfying feeling of accomplishment. Make it social by inviting friends over for Zumba dance, cycling, or jogging and have lots of fun for keep fit and let you have a healthier mind.

5. Learn something new.

Learning new skills develops your potential. Learn a new word daily and practice writing. Research on something interesting or pick up a musical instrument to keep your brains active. You might discover hidden passions or talents, and definitely a more positive outlook on life.

6. Relax with Music

Turn on your favourite song after a busy day because it helps your mind to relax and have a better mood.

7. Strengthen your memory

There is a simple way to help you improve memory. Recall the good times by looking at old albums and high-school yearbooks. This triggers your mind to recall back the past story and it is an good exercise for better mental fitness.

Earning their Stripes

First Class Engineering Education @ Nilai U

First Class Engineering Education @ Nilai U

Nilai U offers a spectrum of engineering programmes, from diplomas to Ph.D.

“One of the great things about enrolling in engineering programmes at Nilai University (Nilai U) is that students have access to state-of-the-art engineering facilities,” says Assoc.

Prof. Dr Adnan Ibrahim, Dean of the Faculty of Engineering. He is referring to the many workshops and laboratories at Nilai U’s 105-acre campus.

The workshops and laboratories are equipped with the latest equipment and machinery for the delivery of engineering programmes. These include 3D printers, industrial robotic systems, engine dynamo meters and flexible manufacturing systems. In addition, the purpose-built hangar houses two planes to be used for the aircraft maintenance programmes. All these enable students to gain the necessary practical experience before they embark on their On-Job-Training.

Having the requisite practical experience cannot be underestimated, especially for engineering studies. Employers want graduates with hands-on experience, not just theoretical knowledge. “That is the reality and that is why Nilai U has not spared any expense in equipping the labs and workshops with the latest equipment,” says Dr Adnan

“Many school leavers interested in engineering have firm ideas of the field they wish to specialise in. Nilai U provides options in the fields of aircraft maintenance, automotive, electrical and electronics, mechanical and mechatronics engineering. It makes good sense for students to sign up for the diploma programmes after their SPM,” Dr Adnan states.

The diploma programmes give students specialist knowledge in the relevant fields and hold them in good stead when they proceed to the workplace, or when they further their studies at the advanced diploma or degree level.

Aircraft maintenance diploma students can proceed to the 1-year Advanced Diploma in Aircraft Maintenance Technology programme where they will be conferred not only with the Advanced Diploma from Nilai University but also the BSc (Hons) Aircraft Engineering Technology award from Kingston University, UK.

Students from the other engineering diploma programmes who proceed to the mechanical or electrical and electronics engineering degree programmes at Nilai U are eligible for credit transfers which will shorten the duration of their degree studies. These degree programmes have been accredited by the Malaysian Qualifications Agency and the Engineering Accreditation Council, a signatory of the Washington Accord.

Although they can enter into the professional working world at the end of their diploma or degree programme, students who are interested in research can also opt to further their studies at Nilai U at the postgraduate level. Nilai U offers the Master of Engineering Science and the Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Engineering programmes.

“School leavers who are serious about career in engineering should check out Nilai U programmes. The pathway available to them at Nilai U is one that gives options to either secure a successful engineering career after the diploma or degree studies or go on to the highest rung of the ivory tower with a Ph.D.,” says Dr Adnan.

Nilai University was established in 1997 and is located just 15 minutes away from the Kuala Lumpur International Airport. For more information, please visit www.nilai.edu.my or call 06-8502308.

Visit our website to find out more